There are different causes of diaper rash, the most prominent of which are described below: discomfort due to excessive and elevated sensitivity to skin wetness / moisture is the primary cause of diaper rash. If the diaper of the infant is not often cleaned, the skin will be in touch with urine and feces, urine when broken down produces ammonia that raises the skin’s PH and thus causes enzymes contained in the poop to connect with the skin contributing to inflammation and subsequent skin damage and infection.
The mixture of humidity and ammonia in the sweat, feces, and the scratching against the diaper cloth will irritate the skin of your baby and make it look really dark. If the skin’s more covered folds are not compromised then Easy Irritation or Touch diaper rash is known to affect the disease. The more damp or soiled nappies remain in contact with the baby’s skin, the greater the likelihood of getting nappy rash. Just click on our Homepage
Another source of discomfort is when the diapers brush against the face, when the pad is so closely fit. It is most popular in disposable diapers but it can also happen with cloth diapers, usually diapers are designed to fit snugly around a baby’s bottom, this inevitably results in little air touching the diaper region allowing the baby’s skin to become warm and moist, when the skin becomes too wet it becomes more penetrable to irritants and more prone to swelling. Specially if worn with waterproof / plastic trousers-which improve heat and moisture-favorable conditions for the production of diaper rash Terry toweling nappies are even worse.
Infection with Candida: Candida is a fungus (a type of yeast hence the name yeast infection) which is essentially the same organism that induces thrush. In general, yeast infection is present only in the creases of skin folds and often around the anal region and occurs in patches or red spots around the area of the main red patch, certain germs (bacteria) may also invade the area contributing to more serious rash. Infection with candida is very popular, and the fungus is present everywhere in the world. For children, yeast-related diaper rash happens when they are not kept clean and dry as the yeast usually develops better for wet, moist areas, such as under a diaper. A yeast infection can be distinguished from annoyance as, unlike mere discomfort, the yeast induces redness in a baby’s skin folds and creases.
Allergic reaction: The rash can occur in plastic pants as a reaction to diaper wipes, bottles, laundry detergent, soap, lotion, or elastic. Allergic reactions are a less common cause of diaper rash but are never the less common cause. If using terry nappies, the washing up detergent or softener used to wash them may linger in the towel, even after a complete wash cycle, babies with sensitive skin can respond to even minute quantities of these chemicals, particularly when they include a “biological” additive, bear in mind that some babies ‘ skin is much more responsive than others, and therefore the reaction can differ from one degree to another.
Diaper rash may also occur because the infant has antibiotics (or if the mother has antibiotics while she is breastfeeding).
Bacterial infection: Watch for yellowish, fluid-filled bumps (“pustules”), and honey-colored, crusty areas that are possibly signs of bacterial infection and need antibiotic treatment.
Seborrhea (cape for cradle). A diaper rash is sometimes part of a more common rash, cradle cap that normally occurs on scalps can also involve certain places such as bodies, thighs, and groin creases. Seborrhea usually gives the skin a greasy , scaly or flaky appearance.
Although a baby that is left in a dirty diaper is more likely to develop diaper rash for too long, any baby with sensitive skin may get a rash, even if his / her parents are conscientious diaper changeers.
New foods: If babies start eating solid foods or are exposed to a new food, it’s normal for them to get diaper rash. Any adjustments in the baby’s diet will influence the stool content, and also lead to an increase in bowel movements of the baby. Baby’s can also grow rash when responding to something that the Mother eats.
Results of studies showed that the occurrence of diaper rash in breastfed infants is lower-perhaps because of the less volatile quality of their urine and feces, and because they urinate less often. High protein diets increase urinary and bowel acid rates, causing diaper rash.